- Shared Use of Extractives Infrastructure and Resource Corridors
- Creating Resource Corridors
- Framework for Implementation
Framework for Implementation
- Once agreed upon, costed-out interventions need to be sequenced and implemented. A figure below provides a good illustration of the various components that need to be considered when planning for and implementing a resource corridor.
- Separate management institutions help corridors address operational bottlenecks and act as coordinators between various government agencies and private sector institutions.
 Adam Smith International, Integrated Resource Corridors Initiative Scoping & Business Plan, (London: Adam Smith International, 2015)
Once governments have decided that the benefits from shared use of trunk infrastructure outweigh the costs and that there is great potential to develop a resource corridor, the government will need to engage with the extractive industry company to discuss under what conditions shared use can be achieved. The various scenarios in the transport infrastructure section provide guidance regarding the tools governments have available to achieve a shared-use agreement.
Once agreed upon, the costed-out interventions need to be sequenced and implemented. The figure below provides a good illustration of the various components that need to be considered when planning for and implementing a resource corridor.
- Natural Capital Assessment and Valuation: Continued monitoring and updating of environmental impacts. This is particularly important at the cumulative level along the corridor.
- Infrastructure: Develop supporting infrastructure and setup authorities and systems to monitor shared use agreement
- Governance: Clear and transparent mechanisms and roles of the various stakeholders
- Environment: Ensure that expanding economic activities do not destroy sensitive ecological systems
- Biodiversity/Conservation: Establish and oversee conservation areas to protect the biodiversity
- Local Economic Development: Place particular focus on supporting local small and medium sized (SMEs) companies and sectors that the local population can help develop
- Climate Change: Ensure that investments along the corridor are climate resilient
- Spatial Planning: Setup a spatial development unit to map out the economic, social, and environmental components. This should be backed by data collection systems to ensure that plans are updated, and the government can react quickly to changes along the corridor.
- Water: A basin focused approach needs to be taken into account in terms of licensing and monitoring to ensure sufficient water availability and quality is ensured along the corridor.
- Political Economy: Corridor plans should not be developed in a vacuum and take political dimensions into account to ensure that they are implemented by the assigned parties.
- Communities and Social Development: Impacted communities should be involved in the corridor planning and implementation process.
- Strategy and implementation: Success will only be achieved with political will, a supportive regulatory environment and good governance governing the corridor resource allocation.
For the efficient implementation of hard and soft infrastructure investments along the corridor the institutional setup has also been found to be of importance. Separate management institutions to help the corridor address operational bottlenecks and act as coordinator between various government agencies and private sector institutions. The Maputo development corridor has been hailed as being exemplary in this respect. The Maputo Corridor Logistics Initiative, which is a Public Private Partnership of actors involved in the corridor, has provided an important platform to improve corridor efficiency