- Shared Use of Extractive Infrastructure and Resource Corridors
- Creating Resource Corridors
- Framework for Implementation
Framework for Implementation
At a Glance
Once agreed upon, the implementation of interventions needs to be sequenced.
Separate management institutions help corridors address operational bottlenecks and act as coordinators between various government agencies and private sector institutions.
Once a government has decided that the benefits from the shared use of trunk infrastructure outweigh the costs and that a viable resource corridor could be developed, it needs to engage with the relevant extractive companies to discuss the conditions for arranging shared use. The various scenarios in the Sharing Transport section provide guidance regarding the tools available to governments to achieve a shared-use agreement.
Once agreed, the costed-out interventions need to be sequenced and implemented. Figure 1 provides an overview of the various components that should be considered when planning and implementing a resource corridor.
- Natural capital assessment and valuation. It is necessary to continue to monitor and update environmental impacts. This is particularly important at the cumulative level along the corridor.
- Infrastructure. Develop supporting infrastructure and establish authorities and systems to monitor the shared-use agreement.
- Governance. Define clear and transparent governance mechanisms and stakeholder roles.
- Environment. Ensure that expanding economic activities does not destroy sensitive ecological systems.
- Biodiversity/conservation. Establish and oversee conservation areas to protect biodiversity.
- Local economic development. Focus on supporting local small- and medium-sized companies and sectors that the local population can help develop.
- Climate change. Ensure that investments along the corridor are climate-resilient.
- Spatial planning. Set up a spatial development unit to map out the economic, social, and environmental components. This should be backed by data collection systems to ensure that plans are updated and that the government can react quickly to changes along the corridor.
- Water. At the water basin level, implement licensing and monitoring procedures to ensure sufficient water availability and quality along the corridor.
- Political economy. Take political dimensions into account to ensure that the corridor plans are implemented by the assigned parties.
- Communities and social development. Involve impacted communities in the corridor planning and implementation process.
- Strategy and implementation. Keep in mind that success will only be achieved with political will, a supportive regulatory environment, and good governance of the corridor’s resource allocation.
The institutional setup is also important for the efficient implementation of hard and soft infrastructure investments along the corridor. Separate management institutions can help the corridor address operational bottlenecks and coordinate between government agencies and private sector institutions. The Maputo Development Corridor is considered exemplary in this respect—the Maputo Corridor Logistics Initiative, a public-private partnership of actors involved in the corridor, has provided an important platform to improve corridor efficiency.