Building Job Skills Required by Extractives
At a Glance
Focusing that produces external economies of scale. But while this might be an effective long-term growth strategy, in the short term there may be greater returns to preparing people for lower-skilled—and more numerous—jobs.
It is best if vocational training is designed to meet the needs of the economy as a whole, rather than a specific extractive industry or company. Cooperative approaches tend to work particularly well toward this goal.
Training must also consider the changing nature of the work in extractive industries, as increasing automation and digitization demand new skills of workers.
- Strategies for Improving Miners' Training (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
- From Mines and Wells to Well-Built Minds: Turning Sub-Saharan Africa's Natural Resource Wealth into Human Capital (Benedicte de la Briere, Anastasiya Denisova, Deon Filmer, Dena Ringold, Dominic Rohner, Karelle Samuda)
- Global Dialogue Forum on Future Needs for Skills and Training in the Oil and Gas Industry (International Labour Office)
- Current and Future Skills, Human Resources Development and Safety Training for Contractors in the Oil and Gas Industry (International Labour Office)
- Why do Some Oil-rich Countries Perform Better Than Others? (Farrukh Iqbal, Youssouf Kiendrebeogo)
- Local Content Policies: Stimulating Direct Local Employment (Tim Grice)
This paper outlines the value chain distribution structure of the oil, gas, and mining industries and explores the positive and negative ...
This resource outlines key factors contributing to inclusive growth linked to extractive industries across Africa at various stages in the ...
Becoming a technician or skilled worker often requires vocational training; this training may not be available in extractive projects’ areas of influence. Accordingly, many extractive companies conduct their own vocational training. While this provides benefits for the host country, it can be more advantageous if training is designed to meet the needs of the economy as a whole, rather than just the needs of the particular extractive company coordinating it. Cooperative approaches have often worked well in this context.
Training also must consider the changing nature of the work in extractive industries, as increasing automation and digitization demand new skills of workers. For more on the changing nature of the oil and gas industry, see Understanding The Job Needs Of Extractives.
Finally, the training needs of the sectors where indirect or induced employment occurs should not be neglected—even if these involve low-level skills. For example, the consumption spending of well-paid employees can be better captured if the host economy can provide high-quality hospitality services. Thus, even if hospitality services are not core to extractive industry activity, developing skills in these services could result in significant revenue for the host economy.
Also, training small and medium enterprises can increase employment by expanding local procurement as discussed in the Supplying Extractives topic. For more details on training current and potential suppliers of extractive industries, see Building The Capacity Of Local Businesses.